Environment supporting data

Data presented here supports the Environment section of this report.

GHG emissions intensity FY16 - FY18 (tCO2e/FTE) ¹ ²

Notes:

1 Total GHG emissions normalized by average full-time equivalent (FTE) employees.                                                               
2 FY16 and FY17 GHG emissions intensity data reported in the FY17 Sustainability Report was overstated by 0.2 tCO2e/FTE. We have improved the estimation methodology for calculating this category and results have been restated applying this enhanced methodology. FY16 has reduced from 4.7 to 4.5 tCO2e/FTE and FY17 has reduced from 4.9 to 4.7 tCO2e/FTE.

Total GHG Emissions FY16 - FY18 ¹ ² ³

Notes:

1 Total GHG emissions include Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions.
2 All data has been calculated using a market-based approach, unless otherwise stated. For further information on market-based methods, please refer to http://www.ghgprotocol.org.
3 FY16 and FY17 GHG emissions data reported in the FY17 Sustainability Report was overstated by 4%. We improved the estimation methodology for calculating this category and results have been restated applying this methodology. FY16 has reduced from 21,626 tCO2e to 20,727 tCO2e and FY17 has reduced from 20,946 to 20,109 tCO2e.

Total GHG emissions by region in FY18 (tCO2e)

LocationTotal GHG emisions by Region
 FY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa 4,073 4103 3,550
Asia Pacific 3,948 3,602 3,357
Latin America and Caribbean 983 908 983
North America 10,117 10,160 9,460
Global Businesses 941 565 432
Group 664 771 996

Scope 1 emissions FY16 - FY18 (tCO2e) ¹ ²

LocationScope 1
 FY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa 423 545 553
Asia Pacific 80 105 54
Latin America and Caribbean 56 40 35
North America 972 701 759
Global Businesses 1 1 0
Group  0  0  0

Notes:

1 Scope 1 includes direct emissions from operations we own or control, including ERM owned vehicles and fuel consumption.
2 Scope 1 emissions from Global Businesses and Group are included in the data for the ERM region in which employees home offices are located.

Scope 2 emissions FY16 - FY18 (tCO2e) ¹ ² ³ ⁴

                                                                                                                                                            Scope 2
LocationMarket BasedLocation Based
 FY16FY17FY18FY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa 609 519 509 575 509 517
Asia Pacific 879 751 670 926 783 670
Latin America and Caribbean 107 115 91 107 115 91
North America 2,349 2,509 2,070 2,382 2,513 2,070
Global Businesses 16 12 8 0 0 0

Notes:

1 Scope 2 includes indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy.
2 Scope 2 emissions from Global Businesses and Group are included in the data for the ERM region in which employees home offices are located. However as from FY16, due to an office opening, there are Scope 2 emissions for Global Businesses.
3 In our FY17 Sustainability Report emissions from electricity used in shared facilities were part of Scope 2 emissions. As from FY18 they fall under Scope 3 emissions, because of the limited level of operational control on this category.
4 All data has been calculated using a market-based approach, unless otherwise stated. For further information on Scope 2 location and market-based methods, please refer to http://www.ghgprotocol.org.

LocationBusiness TravelOther Electricity
 FY16FY17FY18FY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa 2,332 2,414 1,803 708 625 638
Asia Pacific 1,783 1,622 1,720 1,207 1,124 913
Latin America and Caribbean 686 616 753 134 137 104
North America 4,525 4,884 5,130 2,273 2,066 1,502
Global Businesses 907 552 471 17 0 0
Group 663 771 996 0 0 0

Notes:

1 Scope 3 includes indirect emissions (business travel and electricity used in shared spaces).                                                   
2 As from FY18 emissions from Other Electricity (electricity used in shared building spaces) have been categorized as part of Scope 3 emissions due to the limited level of operational control on this category.
3 Other Electricity includes the portion of shared electricity for which ERM is responsible in multiple-occupant buildings, where this amount is not already reported or included in office billings.                                                                                                  
4 Other Electricity emissions from Global businesses and Group are included in the data for the ERM region in which employees home offices are located. Due to an office opening in  FY16, there are emissions from Global businesses.          
5 Other Electricity results reported in the FY17 Sustainability Report have been restated by 16% (910 tCO2e) in FY16 and by 16% (763 tCO2e) for the FY17 Total Other Electricity. We improved the estimation methodology for calculating this category and results have been restated applying this methodology.

 

Global office energy use FY16-FY18 (MWh) ¹ ² ³

  Scope 2  Scope 1 and 2 Scope 3 
LocationOffice ElectricityRECs Electricity Fuel ConsumptionOther Electricity
 FY16FY17FY18FY16FY17FY18FY16FY17FY18FY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa  1,179  1,014  1,138  90  206  139  583 1,095  1,070   1,187 996   1,144
Asia Pacific 1,224  1,120  1,018  57  42   32 26  37  1,635  1,654   1,347
Latin America and Caribbean 421  395  344   0  0 518  416   338
North America 5,048  5,434  4,977 113   2,128 1,638   1,927 5,174  4,559   3,678
Global Businesses 33  24  18  0  0 36   0
                         

Notes:

1 REC — Renewable Energy Certificate, i.e., the tradable part of generated electricity from renewable resources representing attributes such as GHG emissions.
2 The portion of shared resources for which ERM is responsible in multiple-occupant buildings, where this amount is not already included in office billings.            
3 Other electricity results reported in the FY17 Sustainability Report have been restated by 16% (1,627 MWh) for FY16 and by 16% (1,616 MWh) for FY17. We improved the estimation methodology for calculating this category and results have been restated applying this  methodology.

      

 

Business travel FY16-FY18 (tCO2e) ¹ ²

 LocationFY16FY17FY18
Europe, Middle East and Africa  2,572  2,670  2,093
Asia Pacific 1,795  1,632  1,725 
Latin America and Caribbean 719  635  769 
North America 4,951  5,229  5,452 
Speciality Global Business 907  552  471 
Group 663  771  996 

Notes:

1 Business travel emissions total includes all Scope 3 emissions ( 10,873 tCO2e) plus Scope 1 emissions associated with fuel consumption for leased vehicles (633 tCO2e).
2 Data is expressed as tCO2e and includes all Kyoto gases and refrigerants.

Business travel by mode in FY18 (tCO2e)¹

 LocationFY16FY17FY18
Air 8,201 7,970 8,315
Road 3,266 3,347 3,027
Rail 141 172 164

Notes:

1 Road travel includes both Scope 1 and 3 car travel.

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